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博碩士論文 etd-0505122-215925 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0505122-215925
論文名稱
Title
以S-O-R模型探討COVID-19之防疫行為
What drives an individual’s preventive behavior during Covid-19: A SOR model view
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
87
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2022-05-13
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2022-06-05
關鍵字
Keywords
COVID-19、刺激-有機體-反應模型、資訊性、嚴重性、認知同化、焦慮、衛生、社交距離
COVID-19, Stimulus-Organic-Response Model, Informativeness, Severity, Cognitive Assimilation, Anxiety, Hygiene, Social Distancing
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 427 次,被下載 259
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 427 times, has been downloaded 259 times.
中文摘要
2020年新型冠狀病毒 (COVID-19)疫情的爆發,已經破壞了全球人民的日常生活,人民對於COVID-19大流行產生負面的心理反應,例如焦慮、畏懼等等,使各國不得不重視防疫行為防止擴散。本研究根據刺激-有機體-反應(SOR)模型發展研究模型,探討資訊性與嚴重性是否影響民眾的焦慮與認知同化,接者探討在民眾的心理狀態受到影響後,是否會觸發他們實施衛生行為與社交距離以及探討研究模型是否存在中介反應。
本研究樣本以線上問卷方式收集,利用分層抽樣搭配配額抽樣方法,根據台灣各年齡層人數分配樣本數,總共回收818份有效樣本。研究結果顯示資訊性、嚴重性對焦慮與認知同化有正向影響關係,焦慮與認知同化對衛生行為與社交距離有正向影響關係,其中焦慮對於兩種外部刺激與兩種行為反應均具有中介效果,而認知同化僅在資訊性對社交距離有中介效果。
本研究有助於相關單位,了解民眾在面對疫情的行為,未來對於類似的傳染病疫情可以提供更好的防疫政策。
Abstract
The novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak in 2020 has disrupted the daily lives of people around the world. Negative psychological reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic, such as anxiety, fear, etc., have forced countries to focus on preventive measures to prevent the spread of the virus. In this study, we used the stimulus-organic-response (SOR) theory to development our research model, to explore whether Informativeness and severity affect people's anxiety and cognitive assimilation. After that, we explored whether people's psychological state was affected, triggering the implementation of hygiene behaviors and social distancing, and whether there was a mediating response in the research model.
The sample for this study was collected through an online questionnaire. We using stratified sampling and quota sampling, the number of samples was allocated according to the population of each age group in Taiwan, and a total of 818 valid samples were recovered. The results of the study showed that informativeness and severity had a positive impact on anxiety and cognitive assimilation, anxiety and cognitive assimilation had a positive impact on hygiene behavior and social distance. Anxiety has mediating effects on both external stimuli and behavioral responses, while cognitive assimilation has mediating effects on social distance only in information.
This study is helpful for relevant units to understand the behavior of the public in the face of the epidemic, so as to provide better epidemic prevention policies for similar epidemic outbreaks in the future.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審定書 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
圖次 vi
表次 vii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節、 研究背景 1
第二節、 研究動機 2
第三節、 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節、 COVID-19 4
第二節、刺激-有機體-反應模式 9
一、COVID-19大流行下的刺激 10
二、COVID-19大流行下的有機體 11
三、COVID-19大流行下的反應 12
第四節、研究模型與假說發展 15
一、研究模型 15
二、假說發展 15
第三章 研究方法 24
第一節、研究設計 24
一、問卷設計 24
二、抽樣設計 25
第二節、研究量表發展 27
第三節、研究對象與問卷回收 28
第四節、資料分析 28
一、敘述性統計 28
二、信度與效度檢定分析 28
三、路徑分析 29
第四章、資料分析 30
第一節、敘述性統計 30
第二節、測量模型分析 37
一、信度分析 37
二、效度分析 38
三、共同方法變異(CMV) 40
第三節、模型驗證及結果 42
中介檢驗 45
第五章、討論與結論 48
第一節、討論 48
第二節、研究貢獻 51
一、學術貢獻 51
二、實務貢獻 52
第三節、研究限制與未來研究方向 53
參考文獻 54
附錄一、專家效度問卷 68
附錄二、正式問卷 75

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