博碩士論文 etd-0623107-163022 詳細資訊


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姓名 賴正能(Cheng-neng Lai) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 公共事務管理研究所(Public Affairs Management)
畢業學位 博士(Ph.D.) 畢業時期 95學年第2學期
論文名稱(中) 公務人員社會資本、戶外休閒與工作投入之研究
論文名稱(英) The Research of Social Capital, Outdoor Recreation and Job Involvement on Officials
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    摘要(中) 由於工作型態的轉變,工作的負荷由體力移至腦力,也因此強化對休閒的渴望。隨著全球化時代的來臨,休閒與工作的關係也有了不同的意義,休閒被賦予更高的使命,除了傳統有益身心健康、紓解工作壓力的觀點外,更希望能夠達成提高工作投入的新目標。社會資本中關於信任與網絡等因子,是人際間互動的重要元素,可以為自身創造福祉,也為工作帶來更好的績效,而不同社會資本存量的工作者,對於工作會有不同的投入程度。
    本研究結合戶外休閒、工作投入與社會資本,將不同領域的構面加以整合。異於傳統以工作為主的觀點,改以休閒為出發點,探討不同社會資本存量的公務人員,其休閒對工作的影響。本研究使用SEM作為分析工具,以問卷調查方式進行資料蒐集,並選取高雄市政府公務人員為研究對象,依社會資本存量不同,分為高、低兩群,分別進行模式建構及差異檢定。
    研究架構包括社會資本中之「網絡」、「信任」;戶外休閒計劃行為理論中之「態度」、「主觀規範」、「行為控制知覺」、「行為意圖」、「行為」;再加上「自我效能」及「工作投入」,合計9個構面。本研究實證結果驗證11個假設,高、低職等群中,在(1)人際「網絡」的強化會顯著增加人際的「信任」感;(2)人際「網絡」的強化會顯著增進「工作投入」;(3)個人在思考「戶外休閒主觀規範」後,會顯著增進採取休閒行為的「戶外休閒意圖」;(4)個人對於「戶外休閒的態度」,會顯著增進採取休閒行為的「戶外休閒意圖」;(5)個人考量從事休閒行為所需資源與機會的「戶外休閒行為控制知覺」,會顯著增進採取休閒行為的「戶外休閒意圖」;(6)個人在思考「戶外休閒主觀規範」後,能促進從事「戶外休閒態度」的信念; (7)個人的「自我效能」認知,會顯著影響從事戶外休閒行為所需資源與機會的「戶外休閒行為控制知覺」等7個假設皆獲得支持。另高社會資本群在個人對於「戶外休閒意圖」的認知,會顯著增進「工作投入」得到支持,而低社會資本群則在個人考量從事戶外休閒行為所需資源與機會的「戶外休閒行為控制知覺」後,能促進從事「戶外休閒態度」的信念。
    摘要(英) The transition of working patterns has led the work force today focus more on brain than labor, hence strengthen the desire for leisure. The relationship between leisure and work nowadays has different meaning. Besides of traditional concepts such as good for health or the release of work pressure, leisure is further considered to be a new goal to enhance job involvement. Factors of social capital such as trust and network are the significant elements of human interaction, which can not only create self-welfare but also bring better achievement on work. To work force with different degree of social capital, it is believed that different level of involvement to work would generate.
    From the start point of leisure instead of traditional point that focuses on work, the research combines and integrates perspectives of outdoor recreation, job involvement and social capital from different regions, exploring the relationship between leisure and work. Analyzed with SEM, questionnaire survey is adopted aiming at Kaohsiung Government’s Officials. The research objects are divided into two groups with different degree of social capital, conducting the model construction and differentiation test separately.
    The research structure includes 9 variables: “job involvement”; “net” and “trust” in social capital; “attitude”, “subjective norm”, “perceived behavioral control”, “self-efficacy”, “behavioral intention” and “behavioral frequency” in Theory of Planned Behavior of outdoor recreation. The results of the research have verified 11 hypotheses, among which 7 have been significant in both two high and low groups. The significance of the above-mentioned results is the following: (1) interpersonal “network” increases interpersonal “trust”; (2) interpersonal “network” increases the degree of “job involvement”; (3) after officials reflect on the “subjective norm”, the “behavioral intention” of outdoor recreation is remarkably promoted; (4) officials’ “attitude” increases the “behavioral intention” of outdoor recreation; (5) the “perceived behavioral control” of the resources and opportunities needed for officials to consider undertaking behavior outstandingly influence the “behavioral intention” of outdoor recreation; (6) “subjective norm” increases the brief of “attitude” of outdoor recreation; (7) officials’ “self-efficacy” reflect on the “perceived behavioral control” of the resources and opportunities in outdoor recreation. In high social capital group, officials’ cognition of “behavioral intention” of outdoor recreation reflects on the degree of “job involvement”. In low social capital group, after officials reflect on the “perceived behavioral control” of the resources and opportunities in outdoor recreation, the brief of “attitude” is increased.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 社會資本
  • 信任
  • 網絡
  • 結構方程模型
  • 計劃行為理論
  • 自我效能
  • 工作投入
  • 戶外休閒
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • self-efficacy
  • trust
  • structural equation modeling
  • social capital
  • outdoor recreation
  • Theory of Planned Behavior
  • job involvement
  • network
  • 論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
    第一節 研究背景與動機 1
    第二節 研究重要性與目的 4
    第三節 研究流程與內容 6
    第四節 研究範圍 7
    第五節 名詞定義 8
    第二章 文獻探討 9
    第一節 行為理論與休閒 10
    1. 理性行動理論 10
    2. 計劃行為理論 12
    3. 自我效能 15
    4. 休閒與行為理論 18
    第二節 休閒與工作 21
    1. 休閒的意義 21
    2. 休閒效益與戶外休閒 24
    3. 休閒與工作的關係 27
    4. 公務人員的工作與休閒 30
    第三節 工作投入與社會資本 33
    1. 工作投入的意義 33
    2. 社會資本的定義 36
    3. 網絡與工作投入 40
    4. 信任與工作投入 43
    第四節 文獻回顧小結 46
    第三章 研究設計 49
    第一節 方法論選擇 49
    第二節 問卷設計 50
    1. 量表形成 50
    2. 預試及資料分析 53
    第三節 研究對象與問卷發放 55
    第四節 資料分析方法 58
    1. 資料分析程序 59
    2. 結構方程模式介紹 61

    第四章 實證資料分析 67
    第一節 問卷回收與樣本特徵 67
    第二節 研究模式之變數精簡 71
    1. 信任構面之核心內涵 72
    2. 網絡構面之核心內涵 77
    3. 自我效能構面之核心內涵 81
    4. 工作投入構面之核心內涵 85
    5. 戶外休閒態度構面之核心內涵 89
    6. 戶外休閒主觀規範構面之核心內涵 93
    7. 戶外休閒行為控制知覺構面之核心內涵 97
    8. 戶外休閒行為意圖構面之核心內涵 100
    第三節 研究模式之測量模式 104
    1. 高社會資本群之測量模式 105
    2. 低社會資本群之測量模式 105
    第四節 研究模式之結構模式 110
    1. 高社會資本群之結構模式 112
    2. 低社會資本群之結構模式 116
    3. 高低社會資本群之模式比較 120
    第五章 結論與建議 123
    第一節 研究發現 123
    第二節 研究貢獻 127
    第三節 研究限制與未來研究方向 130
    參考文獻 133
    附錄 151
    附錄一 預試問卷 151
    附錄二 正式問卷 154
    附錄三 測量變數之平均數與標準差 157
    附錄四 研究模式內各變數之共變數矩陣 160
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