博碩士論文 etd-0718119-152621 詳細資訊


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姓名 陳新姿(Hsin-Tzu Chen) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 管理學院高階經營碩士學程在職專班(College of Management (Executive Master in Business Administration))
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 107學年第2學期
論文名稱(中) 跨國扣件集團採購策略之探討-以B集團為例
論文名稱(英) Exploring the Procurement Strategy of an International Fastener Group: A Case Study of B Group
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    摘要(中) 台灣的製造業在世界舞台扮演非常重要的角色,即使面臨全球經濟成長減緩,臺灣有些製造業仍然逆勢向上成長,像是扣件業裡的螺絲跟螺帽。根據經濟部的統計,民國107年製造業的總產值為14兆391億元台幣,年增率為6.49%,金屬業的增幅更達到11.96%,其中,有“工業之米”之稱的螺絲輕扣件更佔據舉足輕重的地位。更明確地說,台灣為世界五金扣件業(螺絲、螺帽)排行第二的出口國,2017年的出口金額多達 43億美元,儼然成了台灣製造業的隱形冠軍。基於台灣在國際五金扣件供給上的重要地位,國際扣件採購集團紛紛來台採購;即便如此,各個集團的採購模式並不盡相同,因此,本研究將分析跨國扣件B集團的採購策略、該採購策略的效益及其採購組織的運作方式,期望研究結果能做為業界改善扣件採購效能之參考。
    本研究根據國際企業組織理論、採購理論(包含,集中、分散、混合與全球採購四類),以及供應商選擇與評估理論,並利用次級資料分析及深度訪談扣件業界高階主管(包含五位資深國際採購及五位扣件供應商)等方法,來瞭解跨國扣件B集團的組織型態、採購模式及其對供應商的評估與選擇方式,藉以分析、評估對跨國扣件集團最具有效益的採購模式及國際組織型態。
    研究發現,B集團可以歸類為國際企業組織理論中的多國籍企業,現行採購則是運用混合採購策略中的“總部領導行動網路”;另一方面,根據全球採購理論,B集團目前仍停留在第三階段且只符合其中一樣特性。再者, B集團雖有自己建立的七層供應商評估準則,惟與國際常用的評估準則僅部分相同且效果有限。進一步進行次級資料分析與深度訪談的結果則建議,B集團最好將其採購方式改為混合採購策略中的“策略控制行動網路”。文末,本研究也討論了研究結果的實務意涵與未來可行的研究方向。
    摘要(英) Taiwan's manufacturing industry plays an extremely important role on the world stage, some manufacturing industries in Taiwan have grown up against the trend even in the face of the slowdown in global economic growth, such as screws and nuts in the fas-tener industry. According to the statistics reported by Statistics Department of the Min-istry of Economic Affairs, the Taiwan’s gross output value of the manufacturing indus-try in 2018 was 1.4 trillion 9.1 billion Taiwan dollars, the annual growth rate was 6.49% and metal industry has increased by 11.96% among manufacturing industry. Fasteners, which are known as "industrial rice", play a significant role of manufacturing industry. More specifically, Taiwan is ranked second in the world's fastener industry (screws and nuts) for export, the exporting value in 2017 reached more than 4.3 billion US dollars, which made Fasteners become an invisible champion in Taiwan's manufacturing industry. Based on Taiwan's important position in the supply of international fasteners, the inter-national Fastener Purchasing Groups have come to Taiwan for procurement. Even so, the procurement approaches of various groups are not exactly the same. Therefore, this research will analyze the international fastener B group’s procurement strategy and its effectiveness as well as the operational mode of the procurement organization. It is ex-pected that the research results could provide fastener industry as a reference for im-proving the procurement efficiency.
    This research is based on theory of MNCs, the theories of procurement (including centralized, decentralized, hybrid procurement and global sourcing), as well as supplier selection and evaluation theory, moreover, uses secondary data analysis and in-depth interviews with senior executives (including five senior international purchasers and five fastener suppliers) in fasteners industry to understand B Group’s organizational typolo-gy, procurement approach and its method of evaluation and selection of suppliers so as to analyze and evaluate the most effective procurement model and type of MNCs for the multinational fastener groups.
    The research found the Group B can be classified into the Multinational type based on theory of MNCs and it currently adopts Centre Led Action Network (CLAN) in the hybrid procurement strategy; on the other hand, the Group B currently still stays at the Level III and only meet one characteristics based on the theory of global sourcing. Fur-thermore, Group B has its own evaluation criteria of seven-level supplier, yet it is only partially identical to international criteria and has limited effects. The result of conduct-ing further secondary data analysis and in-depth interviews suggests that Group B should changes its procurement approach to “Strategically Controlled Action Network (SCAN)” in the hybrid procurement strategy. At the end of study, the research also dis-cusses practical implications of research results and future research directions.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 集中採購,分散採購,混合採購,全球採購,五金扣件,供應商選擇
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Centralized Procurement, Decentralized Procurement, Hybrid Procurement, Global Sourcing, Fasteners, Supplier Evaluation and Sele
  • 論文目次 Table of Contents
    Thesis Validation Letter i
    摘要 ii
    Abstract iii
    Table of Contents v
    Table of Figures vii
    Table of Tables ix
    Chapter 1. Introduction 1
    1.1 Research Background 1
    1.2 Research Motivation 6
    1.3 Research Purpose 7
    1.4 Research Process 8
    Chapter 2. Introduction of Fastener Industry 10
    2.1 Global Status of Fastener Industry 10
    2.2 Taiwan Status of Fastener Industry 13
    2.3 Current Procurement Status of International distuibtors in the Fastener Industry 17
    Chapter 3. Literature Review 18
    3.1 Introduction 18
    3.2 Global strategy (Framework of Organizational Typology) 18
    3.3 Centralized, Decentralized Procurement and Hybrid Procurement 24
    3.4 Global Sourcing 34
    3.5 Supplier evaluation and selection 38
    3.6 Summary 41
    Chapter 4. Research Design 42
    4.1 Research Model 42
    4.2 Quantitative Research Methods 42
    4.3 Object of Study (Case Study of B Group) 43
    4.4 In-depth Interview 49
    4.5 Secondary Data Analysis 53
    Chapter 5. Research Findings 54
    5.1 An empirical case study 54
    5.2 Utilizing Framework of Organizational Typology Multinational Corporations (MNCs) to define and clarify the organizational typology of case company B 55
    5.3 Using Centralized, Decentralized, and Hybrid Procurement to understand current procurement approach of B Group and explore if it fit the Fastener nature and product characteristics 57
    5.4 Using Global Sourcing to explore B Group’s sourcing strategy 59
    5.5 Supplier evaluation and selection criteria 62
    5.6 Secondary Data Analysis 65
    5.7 Qualitative Analysis of In-Depth Interviews 71
    Chapter 6. Conclusion and Suggestions 74
    6.1 Conclusion 74
    6.2 Suggestions 74
    6.3 Managerial Implications and Contributions of the Study 77
    6.4 Limitations of the Study 77
    6.5 Recommendations for Future Research 77
    Reference 78
    Appendix 83
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    口試委員
  • 李慶芳 - 召集委員
  • 林峰立 - 委員
  • 黃明新 - 委員
  • 林豪傑 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2019-07-04 繳交日期 2019-08-18

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