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博碩士論文 etd-0719122-100348 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0719122-100348
論文名稱
Title
工作要求-資源模型之個人取向:工作狂傾向與心理抽離之角色
A Revision of the JD-R Model from Personal Perspectives: The Role of Workaholism and Psychological Detachment in Determining Wellbeing
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
99
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2022-08-02
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2022-08-19
關鍵字
Keywords
工作要求-資源模型、工作狂傾向、心理抽離、認知要求、社會支持、耗竭、工作敬業
JD-R model, Workaholism, Psychological detachment, Cognitive demands, Social support, Exhaustion, Work engagement
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 289 次,被下載 66
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 289 times, has been downloaded 66 times.
中文摘要
工作要求-資源模型是了解員工在職場之幸福感的重要理論依據。以此模型為基礎,本研究提出以個人觀點出發,加入工作狂傾向與心理抽離等變項,以了解工作要求如何對員工的幸福感產生影響。具體來說,本研究探究個人要求(工作狂傾向)與個人資源(心理抽離)在此模型中(於健康折損路徑與動機路徑)的中介角色,以及工作與個人的資源對該模型中健康折損路徑之調節作用。簡言之,本研究關注如何降低高度工作要求導致的不良影響與並提升對員工的正面影響。

本研究對台灣職場中不同產業的341位現職員工進行問卷調查。研究結果發現,工作狂傾向中介認知要求與耗竭之正向關係,而心理抽離並未於動機路徑中產生中介效果。社會支持並未調節認知要求與工作狂傾向之正向關係,然與預期相反的,社會支持正向調節工作狂傾向與耗竭之正向關係。進一步分析顯示,該調節效果源自社會支持中的同事支持構面。心理抽離的調節角色則未受到驗證。
Abstract
The Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model has been a well-established and overarching model for understanding occupational wellbeing across various contexts. Based on the JD-R model, this study puts forth insights into microscopic mechanisms under which work demands translate into wellbeing outcomes, extending it by incorporating workaholism and psychological detachment. Specifically, the present study addresses two main concerns in work settings, how to decrease the adverse effects of high job demands and boost employees’ work engagement, by testifying: (1) the mediating role of one personal demand, workaholism, and one personal resource, psychological detachment, respectively in the dual paths of the JD-R model, and (2) whether the adverse influence of high-level work demands and the tendency to work excessively can be alleviated by job and personal resources.

This study applied online questionnaires and collected data from 341 incumbent Taiwanese employees from varying industries. The results confirmed that workaholism mediated the positive correlation between exhaustion and cognitive demands, while psychological detachment did not hold as one mediator in the motivational path. Besides, social support did not buffer the correlation between cognitive demands and workaholism, while in shark contrast to expected, it was found to positively moderate the positive correlation between workaholism and exhaustion. Additional analysis showed that this theoretically contradictory finding derived from coworker support. However, psychological detachment was not identified as a moderator.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審定書 i
論文公開授權書 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
Table of Contents v
List of Figures vi
List of Tables vii
I. Introduction 1
1. Research background 1
2. Research gaps 3
II. Literature Review and Hypotheses Development 7
1. Workaholism 7
2. Psychological detachment 10
3. The Job Demands-Resources Model 12
4. Workaholism in the JD-R model as a personal demand 14
5. Psychological detachment in the JD-R model as a personal resource 16
6. Moderation effects in the JD-R model 19
III. Hypothesized Model 26
IV. Research Methods 27
1. Participants 27
2. Procedures 28
3. Data Analytic Strategies 29
4. Measures 30
V. Results 35
1. Preliminary analysis 35
2. Descriptive Statistics, Reliability, and Correlations 37
3. Tests of Hypotheses 38
4. Additional analysis 49
VI. Discussion 52
1. Theoretical implications 52
2. Practical implications 58
3. Limitations and recommendations for future research 61
References 65
Appendix 1 81
Appendix 2 87
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