博碩士論文 etd-0802119-123105 詳細資訊


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姓名 周德望(Te-Wang Chou) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 政治學研究所(Institute of Political Science)
畢業學位 博士(Ph.D.) 畢業時期 107學年第2學期
論文名稱(中) 解構當代台灣政治造神現象- 卡里斯瑪的反角色理論
論文名稱(英) Deconstructing Phenomenon of Political God-making in Contemporary Taiwan- A Counter-Role Theory of Charisma
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    紙本論文:2 年後公開 (2021-09-02 公開)

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    摘要(中) 近幾年就像跟著全球的反建制潮流一般,台灣的政治也有著劇烈的改變,先後是2014年競選台北市長的柯文哲以及2018年競選高雄市長的韓國瑜。在選舉的過程中,他們以強大的魅力與群眾的政治狂熱獲得了不可思議的成功。學者Joosse參考韋伯卡理斯馬的社會動態系統與川普的言語描述發現,當代政治就如同戲劇效果一樣,有三種反角色存在,分別是忠誠支持者、不合格競爭者與巨大參與者,作為主角展現卡理斯馬的舞台。
      本文分為兩階段,先是針對柯文哲與韓國瑜競選期間的話語分析,確認他們如何使用這些反角色來提升自己的卡里斯馬。其次是回到歷史脈絡中,分析比較人們是如何在政治結構的影響下進入反角色之中。並以結構與能動性來解釋非典型政治人物的行為。
      研究發現柯韓兩人在忠誠的支持者是依循著社會結構的改變而出現,有魅力的協助者都是以個人觀點來詮釋他們的行為,而非公共意義的。他們的不合格競爭者都作為挑戰者獲得聲望卻又回到政治結構之中。柯韓兩人都成功的與巨大參與者們互動,在其中獲得政治正當性。
    摘要(英) In recent years, like the trend of anti-institutional reforms around the world, Taiwan’s politics has also undergone dramatic changes. It was Ko Wen-Je, who was running for the mayor of Taipei in 2014, and Daniel Han, who was the mayor of Kaohsiung in 2018. In the process of the elections, they achieved incredible success with strong charm and political enthusiasm of the masses. Josse's reference to Charisma of Weber’s social dynamic system and Trump's verbal description found that contemporary politics is like a dramatic effect. There are three Counter-Roles, namely devoted followers, unworthy challenger and colossal players. The protagonist shows the stage of the Charisma.
      This article is divided into two phases. First, it is aimed at the discourse analysis of Ko Wen-Je and Daniel Han during the campaign, confirming how they use these Counter-Roles to promote their charisma. The second is to go back to the historical context and analyze how people enter the Counter-Role under the influence of the political structure. Structure and initiative are used to explain the behavior of atypical politicians.
      The study found that the followers between Ke and Han are following the changes in social structure. The attractive facilitators interpret their behaviors from a personal point of view, not the public. Their unworthy challengers gain prestige as challengers but return to the political structure. Both Ke Han and Han have successfully interacted with the colossal players and gained political legitimacy.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 卡理斯瑪
  • 柯文哲
  • 韓國瑜
  • 反建制
  • 反角色
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • anti-establishment
  • counter-role
  • charisma
  • Ko, wen-je
  • Daniel Han
  • 論文目次 誌謝 .ii
    中文摘要 iii
    英文摘要 iv
    第一章、緒論 1
    第一節、問題意識 1
    第二節、研究背景 2
    第三節、文獻回顧 4
    第四節、韋伯的卡里斯馬定義 21
    第五節、研究框架 25
    第六節、研究方法 32
    第七節、研究限制 34
    第二章、忠誠支持者 36
    第一節、反角色的定義與發現 36
    第一項、反角色的定義 36
    第二項、柯文哲舞台的支持者 36
    第三項、韓國瑜舞台的支持者 37
    第二節、柯文哲的四種支持者類型 39
    第一項、跨越政治結構的社會群體 39
    第二項、庇護體系的支持者 52
    第三項、對立的支持群體 58
    第四項、有魅力的協助者 65
    第三節、韓國瑜的四種支持者類型 68
    第一項、跨越政治結構的社會群體 68
    第二項、庇護體系的支持者 78
    第三項、對立的支持群體 92
    第四項、有魅力的協助者 93
    第五節、討論與小結 96
    第一項、比較與討論 96
    第二項、小結 97
    第三章、不合格競爭者 98
    第一節、反角色的定義與發現 98
    第一項、反角色的定義 98
    第二項、柯文哲的不合格競爭者 98
    第三項、韓國瑜的不合格競爭者 101
    第二節、連勝文的四個不合格現象 103
    第一項、抗衡到扈從的角色定位 103
    第二項、有爭議的個人形象 105
    第三項、受限政治結構的言行 109
    第四項、相對傳統的選舉方式 113
    第三節、陳其邁的四個不合格條件 129
    第一項、抗衡到扈從的角色定位 129
    第二項、有爭議的個人形象 131
    第三項、受限政治結構的言行 132
    第五項、相對落後的選舉方式 139
    第四節、討論與小結 151
    第一項、比較與討論 151
    第二項、小結 151
    第四章、巨大的參與者 151
    第一節、反角色的定義與發現 151
    第一項、反角色的定義 151
    第二節、柯文哲舞台的巨大參與者 153
    第三節、韓國瑜舞台的巨大參與者 156
    第四節、柯與巨大參與者的四個階段 159
    第一項、進入既有的政治結構 160
    第二項、國民黨政治正當性的弱化與再詮釋 164
    第三項、不對稱的挑戰與巨大參與者的反擊 164
    第四項、出現其他巨大參與者 166
    第五節、韓與巨大參與者的四個階段 168
    第一項、進入既有的政治結構 168
    第二項、民進黨政治正當性的弱化與再詮釋 173
    第三項、不對稱的挑戰與巨大參與者的反擊 176
    第四項、其他巨大參與者 190
    第六節、討論與小結 190
    第一項、比較與討論 190
    第二項、小結 190
    第五章、結論 191
    參考文獻 192
    英文專書 192
    英文期刊 193
    翻譯 197
    網路資源 197
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    翻譯
    Max Weber原著,康樂、簡惠美譯,1989,《宗教與世界:韋伯選集(II)》,台北,遠流。
    ———,康樂、簡惠美譯,1993,《宗教社會學》,台北,遠流。
    ———,康樂等譯,1989,《支配的類型:韋伯選集(III)》,台北:遠流。
    Weber, Max. 1978. Economy and Society. Guenther Roth and Claus Wittich Trans. Berkeley and Los Angeles, California: University of California Press.
    口試委員
  • 劉正山 - 召集委員
  • 石之瑜 - 委員
  • 萬毓澤 - 委員
  • 蘇蘅 - 委員
  • 廖達琪 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2019-07-25 繳交日期 2019-09-02

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