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博碩士論文 etd-0802120-153309 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0802120-153309
論文名稱
Title
以文字探勘技術探索PTT使用者對「亡國感」的情緒及議題分布
Sentiment and Topic Distribution of PTT User’s Perception of National Subjugation Using Text Mining Techniques
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
140
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2020-08-26
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2020-09-02
關鍵字
Keywords
亡國感、情感分析、國家認同、關鍵字分析、LIWC、LDA、文字探勘
national identity, LDA, text mining, keyness analysis, sentiment analysis, LIWC, the perception of national subjugation
統計
Statistics
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中文摘要
本研究以文字探勘的方式,探索2019年的熱門關鍵字—「亡國感」展現了何種公眾情緒。以知名網路論壇《PTT實業坊》的八卦版與政黑版為資料來源,考察PTT使用者如何藉由討論「亡國感」展現對臺灣/中國/中華民國等不同的認知,並觀察「亡國感」如何前述詞彙連結,說明擁有「亡國感」的網路使用者如何表現國家認同,區分中國與台灣的差異。此外,進一步的情緒分析(sentiment analysis),觀察在「亡國感」發酵期間,PTT使用者的情緒分布。更透過LDA(Latent Dirichlet Allocation)主題建模,探索在自然語言環境當中,討論「亡國感」的PTT使用者,是否也會討論其他的議題。

研究發現,中國/台灣/中華民國相關的字彙有所差異,顯見PTT使用者對這三者的認同明顯透過不同的相關詞彙表達自身的認同。此外,情緒分析也闡明使用者對此議題較具負面情感,且以憤怒為主。而子議題中,則發現PTT使用者多關注的是「選舉操作」、「反中」以及「對民進黨執政的不滿」,且透過新聞聲量發現,「亡國感」負面情緒的喚起多與香港相關的新聞議題有關,PTT使用者也都多以憤怒情緒表達情緒波動及負面情緒。本研究透過文字探勘的方法,彌補過去統獨相關的研究受試者立場模糊傾向的缺口,說明在PTT場域中,大多數的使用者仍以台灣認同為主。
Abstract
The article explores the top searched keyword, perception of National Subjugation, during the election (2018/11/24-2020/01/11) on the most popular online forum, PTT, in Taiwan. This study uses text mining for understanding the perception of subjugation with co-occurrence analysis, sentiment analysis of lexical based within LIWC and LDA (Latent Dirichlet Allocation) to explain different national identity, sentiment distribution and implicit topic in the discussion.
This study shows how users represent different national identity (Taiwan, China and R.O.C) while using PTT with co-occurrence. Also, the sentiment of perception of national subjugation is more about negative emotions and beyond negative emotions are the anger feelings to this issue. Thirdly, when PTT users talk about topic of the perception of national subjugation, PTT users focus on political stunts, anti-China and resentment to the government. Lastly, this study uses network volume based on google trends to explore relationship between news event and perception of national subjugation. Study shows perception of national subjugation is related to Hong Kong, and it arouses positive emotion, negative emotion and anger emotion, and and these aroused emotions could be shown contracdictorily.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審訂書 i
致謝 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
圖次 vii
表次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 亡國感的發展 4
第三節 研究問題 9
第四節 研究目的與貢獻 11
第二章 文獻探討 12
第一節 國家認同 12
第二節 臺灣統獨議題的相關研究 26
第三節 亡國感下的議題維度 31
第四節 新聞聲量與亡國感 33
第三章 研究方法 37
第一節 資料建構 37
第二節 分析方法 39
第四章 資料分析 44
第一節 資料概述 44
第二節 關鍵字詞性 48
第三節 情緒分析 60
第四節 主題建模 74
第五節 新聞聲量與亡國感 91
第五章 結論與貢獻 98
第六章 研究限制與建議 107
第七章 參考文獻 109
附錄 118
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