Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-0906115-224532 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0906115-224532
論文名稱
Title
台灣跨國企業策略性人力資源管理應用於企業社會責任之實踐: 高效率資源利用以達到持續競爭優勢
Engagement of Strategic Human Resource Management in Corporate Social Responsibility Practices by Taiwan Multinational Enterprises: Effective Resources Utilization to Achieve Sustained Competitive Advantage
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
161
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2015-06-08
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2015-10-09
關鍵字
Keywords
策略性人力資源管理、人力資本資源、體制理論、資源基礎理論、短期競爭優勢、持續性競爭優勢、非正統做法、企業社會責任溝通
Alternative Measures, CSR Communication, Human Capital Resources, Strategic Human Resource Management, Institutional Theory, Short-term Competitive Advantage, Resource-Based View, Sustained Competitive Advantage
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5920 次,被下載 519
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5920 times, has been downloaded 519 times.
中文摘要
本研究專注於台灣跨國企業因商業倫理問題多年來在發展中國家各不同的區域例如中國和東南亞面臨間斷的反抗和暴亂。經過回顧過去台灣跨國企業在發展中區域與已發展區域的國際商業倫理的特異性,顯示出台灣跨國企業對當地的環境與基本人權的順從性有所偏離。研究發現過度低估人力資本資源為該結果構成的其一重大因素。更甚,因缺乏跨文化覺識的管理狀況,這些台灣跨國企業不具備專業操守的行為是跨越產業並高度忽略和不服從當地環境的要求和法規。利用資源基礎理論、體制理論及資源依賴理論的範圍可對倫理面所需做出的努力下定義,特別以策略性人力資源管理層面來探討可提高不僅在財務面上的獲利同時也可降低企業受到內部與外部懲處的風險。因此,我們提出企業的永續與持續性發展將高度依賴於利害關係人的共同合作。重新關注對人力資本資源待遇不公平問題的重要性和提出有理據的方案將極度逆轉利害關係人對台灣跨國企業的負面印象。
Abstract
In this study, we focused on ethical issues of Taiwan Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) experienced resistances and rampages from different regions in developing countries such as China and Southeast Asia discontinuously for many years. After reviewed the peculiarities on international business ethics practiced by Taiwan MNEs in developing regions and developed regions, it showed that these Taiwan MNEs were found to be ethically inclined toward the compliances of local environments and generic human rights. The findings showed that overly undervalued human capital resources is one of the major factors of the outcomes. Nevertheless, unethical practices found in these Taiwan MNEs are cross-industrial and are accused to highly ignorance and disobedience to environmental requirements or regulations by the managerial climate of deficiency in inter-cultural awareness. Using Resource-Based View, Institutional Theory and Resource Dependence Theory, measurements that can define these ethical efforts, especially Strategic Human Resource Management can enhance profit more than just in financial aspect, and further, able to decrease the risk of internal and external retribution of the enterprise. Thus, we proposed sustainability and continuous development of the enterprise will highly depend on stakeholders’ collaboration. Re-concern the importance and issues of Taiwan MNEs’ discrimination in human capital resources and provide feasible solutions will be critical to reverse negative impressions by the stakeholders.
目次 Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………………………………………………1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation……………………………...…1
1.2 What so Special about Taiwan CSR Issues?..........................................2
1.2.1 Irresponsible Recruiting Agency……………………..………...5
1.2.2 Vietnam Anti-China Protest in May, 2014………………...…...6
1.2.3 Taiwan Food Safety Scandals………………………………..…8
1.3 Profit before People is not the Forte of SMEs only, Large Enterprises can be the Top of the League.............................................11
1.3.1 The Evil Food Giant—Nestle……….……..…………..........12
1.3.2 A Selfish Pharmaceutical Leader’s Conspiracy—Pfizer…....13
1.3.3 Oil can buy People and Conscience—ExxonMobil…...........15
1.3.4 Do you want Polar Bears to be Homeless?—Shell………....16
1.3.5 “Save Your Money, I Live Better”—Wal-Mart…………….18
1.3.6 Can you Smell the Moneys?—Dow Chemical……………...19
1.3.7 Seeds of the Devil—Monsanto……………………………...20
1.4 Why Taiwan MNEs Choose to establish Sites in China and Southeast Asia?.....................................................................................................22
1.5 Relation between Cultural Similarity and Enterprise Ethics…………25
1.6 Affection of Individual Life Story to Value System…………………29

Chapter 2 Literature Review…………………….....……………………………37
2.1 Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)……………………...............37
2.2 Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM)…………….…….42
2.3 Resource Based View (RBV)………………………………………..48
2.4 Institutional Theory (IT)……………………………………………..54
2.4.1 Theory of Institutional Deficiencies (TIDE)………………..58
2.5 Resource Dependent Theory (RDT)…………………………………58
2.5.1 Merger and Acquisitions (M&As)/Vertical Integration…….60
2.5.2 Joint Ventures (JVs)………………………………………...61
2.5.3 Board of Directors………………………………………..…62
2.5.4 Political Action……………………………………………...63
2.5.5 Executive Succession……………………………………….64
2.6 Alternative Measures………………………………………………...65
2.7 Definition and Quotation of Research Specific Terms……………...67
Chapter 3 Research Methodology……………………………………….………76
3.1 Interview Questions……………………………………………….....79
3.1.1 Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM)……........79
3.1.2 CSR Communication………………………….…………….80
3.1.3 Alternative Measures……………………….……………….81
3.1.4 Short-term Competitive Advantage (StCA)….…………......82
3.1.5 Sustained Competitive Advantage (SCA)……………..…....82
3.1.6 Mediating Effect of SHRM to CSR Communication….……83
3.1.7 Mediating Effect of Alternative Measures to SHRM…….…83
3.1.8 Mediating Effect of Alternative Measures to StCA……..…..84
3.2.9 Mediating Effect of CSR Communication to SCA………….84
Chapter 4. Analysis and Findings………………………………….…………….85
4.1 List of the Comparative Conducted Interviews………………………86
4.2 SHRM………………………………………………………………...97
4.3 CSR Communication…………………………………………………99
4.4 Alternative Measures…………………………………………..……102
4.5 StCA………………………………………………...…………….…104
4.6 SCA………………………………………………………………….108
4.7 Mediating Effect of SHRM to CSR Communication……………….111
4.8 Mediating Effect of Alternative Measures to StCA………………….113
4.9 Mediating Effect of Alternative Measures to SHRM……..…………114
4.10 Mediating Effect of CSR Communication to SCA…………………..116
Chapter 5. Conclusions, Suggestions and Limitations……………….………...119
5.1 Implications…………………………………………….……………..119
5.2 Suggestions……………………………………………………………122
5.3 Limitations…………………………………………………………….124
5.4 Conclusions……………………………………………………………125

Appendix...…………………………………………………………………………….128
Reference……………………………………………………………………………....133
參考文獻 References
Aguinis, H., Glavas, A. (2012). What We Know and Don’t Know About Corporate Social Responsibility: A Review and Research Agenda. Journal of Management, 38(4): 932-968.
Aharoni, V., Maimon, Z., & Segev, E. (1981). Interrelationships between Environmental Dependencies: A Basis for Tradeoffs to Increase Autonomy. Strategic Management Journal, 2: 197-208.
Aldrich, H. E., & Pfeffer, J. (1976). Environments of Organizations. Annual Review of Sociology, 2: 79-105.
Bansal, P. (2005). Evolving Sustainably: A Longitudinal Study of Corporate Sustainable Development. Strategic Management Journal, 26: 197-218.
Barney, J. (1991). Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage. Journal of Management, 17: 99-120.
Barney, J. B., & Arikan, A. M. (2001). The Resource-Based View: Origins and Implications. Blackwell Handbook of Strategic Management. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Barringer, B. R., & Harrison, J. S. (2000). Walking a Tightrope: Creating Value through Inter-Organizational Relationships. Journal of Management, 26(3): 367-403.
Bhagat, R. S., & Prien, K. O. (1996). Cross-cultural Training in Organizational Contexts. In D. Landis&R. Bhagat (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training (2nd ed., 216–230). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Birnbaum, P. H. (1985). Political Strategies of Regulated Organizations as Functions of Context and Fear. Strategic Management Journal, 6(2): 135-150.
Blalock, H. M., Jr. (1969). Theory Construction: From Verbal to Mathematical Formulations. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Boone, C., & van Witteloostuijn, A. (2007). Individual-level Heterogeneity and Macro-level Outcomes. Strategic Organization, 5(3): 259-270.
Bowen, H. R. (1953). Graduate Education in Economics. The American Economic Reviews, 43: 4.
Campling, J. T., & Michelson, G. (1998). A Strategic Choice–resource Dependence Analysis of Union Mergers in the British and Australian Broadcasting and Film Industries. Journal of Management Studies, 35(5): 579-600.
Carlson P, Blodgett MS. International Ethics Standards for Business: NAFTA, CAUX principles and corporate codes of ethics. Review of Business, 20(3): 20.
Carroll, A. B. (1983). Corporate social responsibility: Will industry respond to cut-backs in social program funding? Vital Speeches of the Day, 49: 604-608.
Carroll, A.B. (1999). Corporate Social Responsibility: Evolution of a Definitional Construct. Business Society, 38: 268-295.
Chang, S. (1995). International Expansion Strategy of Japanese Firms: Capability Building through Sequential Entry. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2): 383–407.
Chen, H., & Chen, T.J. (1998). Network linkages and location choice in foreign direct investment. Journal of International Business Studies, 29(3): 445–467.
Chen, X. M. (2014). Taiwan Investments in China and Southeast Asia. Asian Survey, 36(5): 447-467.
Chung J. C., Sae W. K., Jai B. K. (2009). Globalizing Business Ethics Research and the Ethical Need to Include the Bottom-of –the-Pyramid Countries: Redefining the Global Traid as Business Systems and Institutions. Journal of Business Ethics, 94: 299-306.
Conner, D. R. (1992). Managing at the Speed of Change. New York: Villard.
Davis, K. (1960). Can Business Afford to Ignore Social Responsibilities? California Management Review, 2: 70-76.
Davis, K. (1973). The Case for and against Business Assumption of Social Responsibilities. Academy of Management Journal, 16: 312-322.
Davis, P. S., Desai, A. B., & Francis, J. D. (2000). Mode of International Entry: An Isomorphism Perspective. Journal of International Business Studies, 31(2): 239–258.
Dean, J. W., Jr., & Snell, S. A. (1991). Integrated Manufacturing and Job Design: The Moderating Effect of Organizational Inertia. Academy of Management Journal, 43: 776-804.
Delery, J. E., & Doty, D. H. (1996). Modes of Theorizing in Strategic Human Resource Management: Test of Universalistic, Contingency, and Configurational Performance Predictions. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4): 802-835.
DiMaggio, P., & Powell, W. (1983). The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective rationality in Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review, 48, 147–160. doi:10.2307/2095101.
Doty, D. H., & Glick, W. H. (1994). Typoligies as A Unique Form of Theory Building: Toward Improved Understanding and Modeling. Academy of Management Review, 19(2): 230-251.
Doty, D. H., Glick, W. H., & Hubber, G. P. (1993). Fit, Equifinality, and Organizational Effectiveness: A Test of Two Configurational Theories. Academy of Management Journal, 36: 1196-1250.
Dyer, J. H., & Singh, H. (1998). The Relational View: Cooperative Strategy and Source of Interorganizational Competitive Advantage. The Academy of Management Review, 23(4): 660-679.
Ferrell, O. C., and Larry G. Gresham. (1985). A Contingency Framework for Understanding Ethical Decision Making in Marketing, Journal of Marketing, 49 (Summer): 87–96.
Frederick, W. C. 1960. The Growing Concern over Business Responsibility. California Management Review, 2: 54-61.
Garavan, T. N., McGuire, D. (2010). Human Resource Development and Society: Human Resource Development’s Role in Embedding Corporate Social Responsibility, Sustainability, and Ethics in Organizations. Advances in Developing Human Resource, 12(5): 487-507.
Habib-Mintz, Nazia. (2009). Multinational Corporation’s Role in Improving Labour Standards in Developing Countries. Journal of International Business and Economy, 10(2): 39-58.
Hahn, R. (2009). The Ethical Rational of Business for the Poor – Integrating the Concepts Bottom of the Pyramid, Sustainable Development, and Corporate Citizenship. Journal of Business Ethics, 84(3): 313-324.
Hamilton, G. (1996). The Organizational Foundations of Western and Chinese Commerce: A Historical and Comparative Analysis. In G. Hamilton (Ed.), Asian Business Networks. New York: Walter de Gruyter.
Hamilton, G. (1998). “Culture and Organization in Taiwan’s Market Economy,” in Market Cultures: Society and Morality in the New Asian Capitalisms, ed. Robert W. Hefner (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998): 48.
Heeley, M. B., King, D. R., & Covin, J. G. (2006). Effects of Firm R&D Investment and Environment on Acquisition Likelihood. Journal of Management Studies, 43(7): 1513-1535.
Hernández-Murillo, Rubén & Martinek, Christopher J. (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility can be Profitable. The Regional Economist.
Hessels, J., & Terjese, S. (2010). Resource Dependency and Institutional Theory Perspectives on Direct and Indirect Export Choices. Small Business Economics, 34: 203-220.
Hillman, A. J., Withers, M. E., & Collins, B. J. (2009). Resource Dependence Theory: A Review. Journal of Management, 35(6): 1404-1427.
Hirsch, P.M., & Lounsbury, M. (1997). Ending the Family Quarrel: Toward a Reconciliation of “Old” and “New” Institutionalisms. American Behavioral Scientist, 40(4): 406-418.
Hitt, M. A., & Tyler, B. B. (1991). Strategic Decision Models: Integrating Different Perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 12(5): 327-351.
Hoesel, van R. (1999). New Multinational Enterprises from Korea and Taiwan: Beyond Export-led Growth. New York: Routledge.
Hofer, C. W., & Schendel, D. (1978). Strategy formulation: Analytic concepts. St. Paul: West.
Hofstede, G. (1983). The Cultural Relativity of Organizational Practices and Theories, Journal of International Business Studies 14: 75–89.
Holme, L. & Watts, P. (2000). Corporate Social Responsibility: Making Good Business Sense, World Business Council for Business Development, Geneva.
Hooley, G. J., Greenley, G. E., Cadogan, J. W., & Fahy, J. (2005). The Performance Impact of Marketing Resources. Journal of Business Research, 58(1): 18-27.
Horrigan, B. T. (2007). 21st Century Corporate Social Responsibility Trends - An Emerging Comparative Body of Law and Regulation on Corporate Responsibility, Governance, and Sustainability. Macquarie Journal of Business Law, 4: 85-122.
Hsing, Y.-T. (1996). Blood, thicker than water: Interpersonal relations and Taiwanese investment in Southern China. Environment and Planning, 28(12): 2241-2261.
Huselid, M. A. (1995). The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Turnover, Productivity, and Corporate Financial Performance. Academny of Management Journal, 38(3): 635-872.
Huselid, M. A., Jackson S. E., &, Schuler, R. S. (1997). Technical and Strategic Human Resource Management Effectiveness as Determinants of Firm Performance. Academy of Management, 40(1): 171-188.
Jones, T. M. (1980). Corporate social responsibility revisited, redefined. California Management Review, 59-67.
Inkpen, A. C., & Beamish, Paul W. (1997). Knowledge, Bargaining Power, and the Instability of International Joint Ventures." Academy of Management. The Academy of Management Review, 22(1): 177.
Katila, R., Rosenberger, J. D., & Eisenhardt, K. M. (2008). Swimming with Sharks: Technology Ventures, Defense Mechanisms and Corporate Relationships. Administrative Science Quarterly, 53: 295-332.
Korten, D. C. 2001. When Corporation Rule the World (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.
Kostova, T., & Zaheer, S. (1999). Organizational Legitimacy under Conditions of Complexity: The Case of the Multinational Enterprise. Academy of Management Review, 24: 64-81.
Luo, Y., & Tung, R. L. (2007). International Expansion of Emerging Market Enterprise: A Springboard Perspective. Journal of International Business Studies, 38: 481-498.
Mahoney, J. T., & Pandian, J. R. (1992). The Resource-Based View within the Conversation of Strategic Management. Strategic Management Journal, 13(5): 363-380.
Makino, S,, Lau, LM, & Yeh, RS. (2002). Asset-Exploitation versus Asset-Seeking: Implications for Location Choice of Foreign Direct Investment from Newly Industrialized Economies. Journal of International Business Studies, 33(3): 403-421.
Manne, H.G., & Wallich, H. C. (1972). The Modern Corporation and Social Responsibility. Washington D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research.
March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (1983). Organizing Political Life: What Administrative Reorganization tell us About Government. American Political Science Review, 77: 281-296.
Martinsons, M. G. (2008). Relationship-based e-Commerce: Theory and Evidence from China. Info Systems Journal, 18: 331-356/
Matten, D., & Moon, J. (2008). “Implicit” and “Explicit” CSR: A Conceptual Framework for a Comparative Understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility. Academy of Management Review, 33: 404-424.
Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Smith, C. (1993). Commitment to Organizations and Occupations: Extension and Test of a Three-component Conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78: 538-551.
Miles, R. E., & Snow, C. C. (1978). Organizational Strategy, Structure, and Process. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Morgeson, F. P., Aguinis, H., Waldman, D. A. &, Siegel, D. S. (2013). Extending Corporate Social Responsibility Research to the Human Resource Management and Organizational Behavior Domains: A Look to the Future. Personnel Psychology, 66: 805-824.
Oliver, C. (1991). Strategic Responses to Institutional Processes. The Academy of Management Review, 16(1): 145-179.
Oliver, C. (1997). Sustainable Competitive Advantage: Combining Institutional and Resource Based Views. Strategic Management Journal, 18(9): 697–713.
Payne D, Raiborn C, Askvik J. A. 1997. Global Code of Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethic, 16: 1727–35.
Pearce II, J. A., & Zahra, S.A. (1992). Board Composition from a Strategic Contingency Perspective, Journal of Management Studies, 29.
Pfeffer, J., & Salancik, G. (1978). The External Control of Organizations: A Resource Dependence Perspective. New York: NY. Haper and Row Publishers
Porter, M. E. (1980). Competitive Strategy. New York: Free Press.
Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive Advantage. The Free Press. New York, Ch. 1: 11-15
Prahalad, C. K. and S. Hart. (2002). The Fortune at the Bottom of the Pyramid, Strategy and Competition, 20: 2–14.
Priem, R. L., & Butler, J. E. (2001). Is the Resource-Based “View” a Useful Perspective for Strategic Management Research? The Academy of Management Review, 26(1): 22-40.
Rudner, R. S. (1966). Philosophy of Social Science – Foundations of Philosophy Series.
Schütte, Hellmut. (1997). Strategy and Organisation: Challenges for European MNCs in Asia. European Management Journal, 15(4): 436-445.
Scott, W. R. (1995). Institutions and Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Sharfman, M. P., Shaft, T. M., & Tihanyi, L. (2004). A Model of the Global and Institutional Antecedents of High-Level Corporate Environmental Performance. Business Society, 43(1): 6-36.
Sharma, S., & Henriques, I. (2005). Stakeholder Influences on Sustainability Practices in the Canadian Forest Products Industry. Strategic Management Journal, 26: 159-180.
Shamir, B., & Eilam, G. (2005). What’s Your Story? : A Life-stories Approach to Authentic Leadership Development. The Leadership Quarterly.
Shaw W. H. Business ethics today: a survey. Journal of Business Ethics, 15: 489–500.
Sim, A. B. (2007). Emerging Southeast Asian and Taiwanese Multinational Firms and their Internationalization Strategies. Oxford Business& Economics Conference.
Smeltzer, LR, Jennings, MM. 1998. Why an International Code of Business Ethics would be good for Business. Journal of Business Ethics, 17: 57–66.
Sui, Cindy. (2014). Exploitation in Taiwan's $2bn Fishing Industry. Taipei. British Broadcasting Corporation.
Surroca, J., Tribó, J. A., Zahra S. A. (2013). Stakeholder Pressure on MNEs and the Transfer of Socially Irresponsible Practices to Subsidiaries. Academy of Management Journal, 56(2): 549-572.
Tesfom, G., Lutz, C., & Ghauri, P. (2004). Comparing Export Marketing channels: Developed versus Developing Countries. International Marketing Review, 21(4–5): 409–422. doi:10.1108/02651330410547117.
Tsang, Eric W. K., & Yip, Paul S. L. (2007). Economic Distance and the Survival of Foreign Direct Investments. Academy of Management Journal, 50(5): 1156-1168.
Tseng, C.-H., Yu, C.-M. J., & Seetoo, D. H. W. (2002). The Relationships between Types of Network Organization and Adoption of Management Mechanisms: An Empirical Study of Knowledge Transactions of MNC’s Subsidiaries in Taiwan. International Business Review, 11(2): 211–230.
UNCTAD. (2007). The Least Developed Countries Report, (UNCTAD, New York).
Vernon, R. (1977). Storm over the Multinationals (Harvard University, Cambridge, MA).
Vernon, R. and Wells, L. (1986). Manager in the International Economy (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ).
Waddock, S. A., Graves, S. B. (1997). The Corporate Social Performance- Financial Performance Link. Strategic Management Journal, 18(4): 303-319.
Wakabayashi, M., Chen, Ziguang & Huang, K.L. (1999). Practices of Critical Managerial Skills: A Comparison among Japanese, Chinese and Taiwanese Managers. Japanese Journal of Administrative Science, 13(1): 1-17.
Weidenbaum, M., & Hughes, S. (1996) The Bamboo Network: How Expatriate Chinese are Creating a New Economic Superpower in Asia.
Weiss, J. W. (1994). Business Ethics: A Managerial Stakeholder Approach (Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont).
Weller, R. P. (2000). Living at the Edge: Religion, Capitalism, and the End of the Nation-State in Taiwan. Public Culture, 12(2): 477-498.
Wernerfelt, B. (1986). A Resource-Based View of the Firm. Strategic Management Journal, 5: 171-180.
Wils, T., & Dyer, L. (1984). "Relating Business Strategy to Human Resource Strategy: Some Preliminary Evidence." 44th annual meeting of the Academy of Management, Boston.
Winn, K. J. (1994). “Not by Rule of Law: Mediating State-Society Relations in Taiwan through the Underground Economy,” in The Other Taiwan: 1945 to the Present, ed. Murray A. Rubenstein (New York: M. E. Sharpe, 1994).
Wood, A. (1999). Openness and Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: the Latin American Challenge to East Asian Conventional Wisdom. In R. E. Bladwin, D. Cohen, A. Sapir, and A. Venables, editors, Market integration, regionalism and global the economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wood, D. J. (1991). Corporate Social Performance Revisited. Academy of Management Review, 16: 691-718.
Wörsdörfer, M. 2013. 10 Years ‘Equator Principles’: A Critical Economic-Ethical Analysis. Research Paper of Osgoode Hall Laws School, No. 54.
Wright, P. M., & McMahan, G. C. (1992). Theoretical Perspectives for Strategic Human Resource Management. Journal of Management, 18(2): 295–320.
Wright, P. M., McMahan, G. C. &, McWilliams, A. (2006). Human Resource and Sustained Competitive Advantage: a Resource-Based Perspective. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 5(2): 301-326.
Wu, C.F. (2001). The Study of Global Business Ethics in East Asia: Taiwanese Enterprises in Indonesia as Targets. The International Journal of Management Science, Omega 29: 221-231.
Wu, C.F. (2001). The Study of Global Business Ethics of Taiwanese Enterprises in East Asia: Identifying Taiwanese Enterprises in Mainland China, Vietnam and Indonesia as Targets. Journal of Business Ethics, 33: 151-165.
Wu, C. R. (1995). The Ethical Philosophy and Decision Making of Marketing Personnel. Unpublished Thesis of MBA of Cheng-Kung University.
電子全文 Fulltext
本電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:自定論文開放時間 user define
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus: 已公開 available
校外 Off-campus: 已公開 available


紙本論文 Printed copies
紙本論文的公開資訊在102學年度以後相對較為完整。如果需要查詢101學年度以前的紙本論文公開資訊,請聯繫圖資處紙本論文服務櫃台。如有不便之處敬請見諒。
開放時間 available 已公開 available

QR Code