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博碩士論文 etd-0912121-015907 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0912121-015907
論文名稱
Title
每日下班後活動的前因、後果及其適用情境之研究
Daily Off-job Activities: Antecedents, Behavioral Linkages, Mechanisms, and Boundary Conditions
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
93
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2021-09-16
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2021-10-12
關鍵字
Keywords
資源耗竭、恢復需求、下班後休閒活動、主動行為、經驗抽樣法
Resource depletion, Need for Recovery, Off-Job Activity, Proactive Behavior, Experience sampling method
統計
Statistics
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中文摘要
本研究以努力-恢復模型與工作-家庭資源模型分別做為研究一與研究二的背景理論,用以整合員工經歷工作日造成不同面向的資源耗損(體能、認知與情緒資源耗損),透過下班後自身所知覺的恢復需求,進而選擇從事不同的休閒活動(低努力、體能與社交活動)作為恢復自身資源的途徑,並且進一步探討外向性人格特質,是否會干擾恢復需求與下班後休閒活動的關係。其次,當員工從事下班後休閒活動能有效促進隔日的工作敬業狀態,進而提升主動行為的產生並且探討員工的工作-休閒衝突是否會干擾下班後休閒活動與隔日工作敬業之關係。為了驗證本研究所提出之假設,將分別以兩個研究驗證之。在研究一,本研究以經驗抽樣法進行連續十天來自84位全職員工總共782有效的配對樣本,從多層次路徑分析的分析結果發現:(1)情緒資源耗竭會提高恢復需求;(2) 恢復需求提高,則會在下班後從事低努力活動與體能活動、(3)外向性會強化恢復需求與下班後從事低努力活動、體能活動之間的關係。而在研究二,也以經驗抽樣法進行連續十天來自54位全職員工合計649有效的配對樣本,以多層次路徑分析進行分析,從結果發現:(1)下班後從事社交活動與體能活動能幫助個體提升工作敬業,進而提升主動行為、(2)工作-休閒衝突越高時,會增強下班後體能活動與工作敬業之間的正向關係。最後本研究也分別針對理論貢獻與實務管理意涵討論之。
Abstract
Drawing on the effort-recovery and work-home resources model, this study examines the relationship between employees’ different types of resource depletion (physical, cognitive/mental, and emotional) and off-job activity(low-effort, physical and social activity), while simultaneously exploring the mediating role of a need for recovery and the moderating effects of extraversion. Additionally, this research further examines the relationship between off-job activity and subsequent proactive behavior while exploring the mediating role of work engagement and the moderating effects had by work-leisure conflicts. Two studies were conducted to test these hypotheses. An experience sampling method was used for data collection in both studies. In study 1, a total of 782 daily surveys were collected from 84 full-time general industry employees across 10 working days. We tested our hypotheses with the multi-level path analysis implemented in Mplus. The results were as follows: (1) daily emotional resources depletion increased the daily need for recovery; (2) employees who had an increased daily need for recovery were able to engage in more low-effort activities and physical activities; and (3) employees with high extraversion were able to strengthen the positive relationships between the need for recovery, low-effort activity and physical activity. In study 2, we collected the responses from 649 daily surveys of 54 full-time general industry employees across 10 working days. The results showed that: (1) social and physical activities increased the work engagement, which led the employees to engage in more proactive behaviors; and (2) Unexpectedly, high levels of work–leisure conflict can enhance the positive effects of physical activity on their work engagement.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審定書 ....................................................................................................................... i
誌 謝 .............................................................................................................................. ii
摘 要 ............................................................................................................................. iii
Abstract .......................................................................................................................... iv
目 錄 .............................................................................................................................. v
圖 次 ............................................................................................................................ vii
表 次 ........................................................................................................................... viii
第一章 緒論 .................................................................................................................... 1
第一節 研究背景及缺口 ............................................................................................. 1
第二節 研究貢獻 ......................................................................................................... 6
第二章 文獻回顧與假設 ............................................................................................... 11
第一節 下班後活動之內涵與相關研究 .................................................................... 11
第二節 每日資源耗竭與其恢復需求之關聯性:努力恢復模式的觀點 ............... 13
第三節 下班後從事休閒活動的動機與必要性的干擾效果 ................................... 18
第四節 每日下班後活動與隔日主動行為的關係:隔日工作敬業的中介效果 ... 21
第五節 下班後從事休閒活動的機會的干擾效果 ................................................... 25
第三章 研究一研究方法 .............................................................................................. 28
第一節 研究施測程序 ............................................................................................... 28
第二節 研究工具 ....................................................................................................... 29
第三節 資料分析方式 ............................................................................................... 32
第四章 研究一研究結果 .............................................................................................. 34
第一節 主要變數敘述統計分析 ............................................................................... 34
第二節 驗證性因素分析 ........................................................................................... 35
第三節 假設檢定 ....................................................................................................... 35
第三節 研究一之結果討論 ....................................................................................... 39
第五章 研究二研究方法 .............................................................................................. 41
第一節 研究施測程序 ............................................................................................... 41
第二節 研究工具 ....................................................................................................... 42
第三節 資料分析方式 ............................................................................................... 44
第六章 研究二研究結果 .............................................................................................. 45
第一節 主要變數敘述統計分析 ............................................................................... 45
第二節 驗證性因素分析 ........................................................................................... 45
第三節 假設檢定 ....................................................................................................... 46
第七章 討論與建議 ...................................................................................................... 50
第一節 研究發現 ....................................................................................................... 50
第二節 管理意涵 ....................................................................................................... 55
第三節 研究限制與未來研究建議 ........................................................................... 57
參考文獻 ........................................................................................................................ 60
附錄 ................................................................................................................................ 74
研究一:問卷 ............................................................................................................ 74
研究一:個人資料問卷 ............................................................................................ 75
研究一:每日問卷 .................................................................................................... 77
研究二:問卷 ............................................................................................................ 79
研究二:個人資料問卷 ............................................................................................ 80
研究二:每日問卷 .................................................................................................... 82
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