||Cross-border Higher Education has started to be popupar since the late 20th century, and has become one of the important strategies of higher education institutions to enhance their internationalization under the force of globalization. However, its rapid development has also caused some of problems for developing countries. In the light of this situation, this study refers to discuss the development of cross-border higher education between Vietnam and Taiwan, particularly focus more on Vietnam as a received country from Taiwan and other sending countries. The aims of this study are to explore the trend of Vietnam cross-border higher education since the late 20th century, consist of the development of cross-border higher educational co-operation between Vietnam and Taiwan, and to explore the current issues, effects and problems of Vietnam cross-border higher education from the governmental level, higher education institutional level, and student level.|
In order to achieve the aims of this study, the researcher adopted document analysis and interviews as research methods. Participants were three administrators from Taiwan higher education institutions, eight from Vietnam higher education institutions, and fifteenth Vietnamese students who took or have taken the courses co-operated between Taiwan and Vietnam.
The results of this study: 1. Cross-border higher education courses in Vietnam have increased rapidly since the late 20th century, most of them are twinning programs which offered by traditional higher education institutions；Co-operation between Vietnam and Taiwan has just started for some years, but they both have tried to expand their partnership, diversify the mode and the major of cross-border courses； 2. Taiwan and Vietnam higher education institutions have the same opinions that the Vietnamese government has changed gradually from deregulation to strict management mechanism. The policies should be more oriented and more practical, and the mode of cross-border educational exchange should be more various；3. Both higher education institutions of Vietnam and Taiwan showed their strong attentions at course comparability and faculty development, however, still they need to put more effort on building up the comprehensive mechanism of quality ensurance, as well as alliances；Students recruiting and related factors are their main difficulties；Vietnam higher education instittutions pointed out that cross-border higher education has helped a lot with getting more external resources, but has caused some issues of its quality. 4. From the perspective of Vietnamese students, the considerable distance between planning and practicing of the twinning programs were pointed out, the problems related to information supply and courses’ quality were also found.
Finally, this study gave some suggestions to the governments and higher education institutions of Vietnam and Taiwan, as well as some suggestions for Vietnamese students and future research.